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Transnistria

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The Killings in Transnistria

THE EXPULSION TO TRANSNISTRIA.

THE PARAGRAPH IS COPIED FROM THE BOOK"THE MAN TO YOUR RIGHT",IN
MEMORY OF RABBI BENJAMIN HARLING (HASHEM AVENGE HIS BLOOD),AND IT IS
AN ABBRIVIATION FROM DIFFERENT SOURCES.

THE ATMOSPHERE IN RUMANIA WAS ANTISEMITIC DURING ALL THE YEARS BETWEEN THE TWO WORLD WARS, AND THE COVENANT WITH GERMANY JUST STRENGTHENED IT. IN OCTOBER 1941,AFTER THEY OVERTOOK THE GOVERNMENT FROM THE GERMANS OVER THE AREA BETWEEN THE DNIESTER AND BOG THAT WAS CALLED FROM THEN ON "TRANSNISTRIA"= FROM THE OTHER SIDE OF THE DNIESTER,THE RUMANIAN NAME OF THE RIVER THE DNIESTER,THE RUMANIAN GOVERNMENT DECIDED TO CHANGE IT INTO SOME SORT OF HUGE CONCENTRATION CAMP,AND TO DEPORT TO IT ALL THE JEWS FROM BUKOVINA,BESARABIA AND NORTH MOLDAVIA.

THE DEPORTATION WAS EXECUTED WITH UTMOST CRUELTY,ACTUALLY "DEATH  MARCHES".THE JEWS WERE LED TO THE DNIESTER IN LONG CONVOYS, WHILE THE DECREE WAS TO SHOOT ANYONE WHO COULD NOT KEEP UP WITH IT.MASSGRAVES WERE PREPARED AHEAD OF TIME ALL ALONG THE WAY,AND IN SOME CASES A LOT OF JEWS WERE SHOT DEAD,THEY FELL STRAIGHT INTO THE DNIESTER WHEN THEY WERE ABOUT TO CROSS IT TILL THE FALL OF 1943, ABOUT HUNDRED FIFTY THOUSAND JEWS FROM THE AREA AROUND RUMANIA WERE DEPORTED.IN TRANSNISTRIA ALONE LIVED ABOUT THREE HUNDED THOUSAND NATIVE JEWS, WHO TRIED AS MUCH AS THEY COULD TO HELP THEIR DEPORTED BRETHRENBUT IT WAS VERY LITTLE. STILL BEFORE THE WAR THESE JEWS WERE EXTREMELY POOR AND THEIR LIVING CONDITIONS WERE VERY PRIMITIVE IN COMPARISON TO WHAT RUMANIAN JEWRY WAS ACCUSTEMED.ABOUT HALF OF THE LOCAL JEWISH POPULATION FROM THERE MET THEIR DEATH DURING THE WAR YEARS.TENS OF THOUSANDS WERE KILLED IN MASS SHOOTINGS, AND MANY OTHERS DIED OF HUNGER AND DISEASES THAT WERE BROUGHT ALONG DURING THE DEPORTATIN.


IN TRANSNISTRIA THE DEPORTED JEWS FOUND A RUMANIAN-GERMAN RULING,CRUEL AND UNEXPECTED. MORE THAN TWO YEARS WRE THOSE JEWS FORCED TO LOOK FOR FOOD AND EPLOYMENT IN A STRANGE LAND WHILE TRYING TO ESCAPE AGAIN AND AGAIN FROM SOLDIERS' CRUELTY AND FROM BEING SENT TO WORK AND CONCENTRATION CAMPS, TILL THE RUSSIAN'S CONQUEST IN MARCH, 1944 .AMOUNG TEN JEWS WHO WRE SENT TO TRANSNISTRIA- ONLY FOUR (!) STAYED ALIVE AFTER THE WAR.

SEVENTY OF OUR FAMILY MEMBERS (ELKES, GERSTEIN, POLIKMAN AND
SCHECHTER) DIED IN TRANSNISTRIA AND IN THE PROGROMS THAT PRECEEDED THE EXPULSION. TEN- REMAINED AND WENT TO ISRAEL.


MAY HASHEM AVENGE THEIR BLOOD IN  THE SANCTIFICATION OF HIS NAME.